In the early 1980s the Government of India realized that the rapid rate at which
Delhi was expanding would result in chaos. So they planned to develop residential
and industrial areas around the capital to reduce the burden of rapid development
on the capital. The two areas which were developed were
Gurgaon (across the border with
and Noida (across the
border with Uttar Pradesh).
As a planned expansion, Noida's infrastructure and utilities was carefully laid
out. However, the 90s saw huge growth in the Indian economy, and migration to cities
like Delhi, Mumbai and Chennai exceeded planning estimates. Noida was developed
to be able to accommodate population growth for 20–25 years. But, with the massive
influx to Delhi, it was overloaded in just 15 years.
Government of Uttar Pradesh then
decided to incorporate the city of Greater Noida, as an extension to Noida, but
with better planning incorporating the lessons learned from the Noida development.
The idea was to create a world class city. The city was planned to be situated approximately
25 km from Noida. By including a railway station and an international airport, Greater
Noida is intended to develop as an independent city. Initially, the city developed
extremely rapidly but due to political and economic instability, the development
slowed down appreciably. However, it has started to grow again, though at a more
Greater Noida is a planned township. Roads are wide with service lanes for every
major road. The sectors are named by letters of the
alphabet. All cabling and utilities are run underground. It is currently
planned to be connected to Delhi through Delhi's metro system by 2016.
Recently there has been a spurt in the development of shopping malls and retail
stores. Major retail chains such as Tata Croma, More Retail, Reliance Fresh, Reliance
Footprints, Lilliput kIDSWEAR etc. have set up business in Greater Noida. Gujjar
population is 30-45% of total greater noida population and local mla is satveer
gurjar of BSP.here BSP have strong influence.
Greater Noida Location
Greater Noida is home to a number of Indian and foreign multi-national companies.
There are a number of private educational institutions as well, so it is also known
as the Educational Park.
A number of tourism and entertainment projects are under development in Greater
Noida. This includes the Greater Noida Night Safari, a
One circuit for the
Indian Grand Prix and an 18 hole golf
course called the Jaypee Greens, designed by
Greater Noida is the site for some events of the
2010 Commonwealth Games, being hosted by New Delhi. An International Airport
is under development near Jewar village of Greater Noida. Greater Noida is home
to the Gautam Buddha University. Greater Noida
is also home to many student based societies, of whom
GNIX is the most well known one.